Air Defence System Conception and Analysis

A Ground Based Air Defence (GBAD) System consists of the following main subsystems:

  • BMC3I (Battle Management, Command, Control, Communication, Intelligence)
  • Sensors
  • Effectors

AMDC specialists have more than 20 years experience in all subsystems of GBAD Missile Systems. The conception of a new GBAD Missile System begins with the definition of the operational requirements. This includes mainly the protection mission and the air threat to be covered.

Based on the threat analyses, a first system concept is developed and adequate functional requirements are derived. The next step covers mainly the performance analysis, based on calculation and simulation tools and the assessment of the GBAD system concept. This includes the consideration of the GBAD Missile System as part of a superordinate air defence architecture. Dependent on the assessment results, the system concept is changed or further developed in more detail.

Currently AMDC focuses on concepts for Counter-UAS systems. On the future battlefield, a lot of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (< 20 kg) will be used for different missions. This might include autonomous combat UAS, based on AI-applications. Since this threat is growing very quickly, C-UAS defence systems become more and more important.

The robust defence against Small UAS is difficult, because of the small size of these UAS, which makes them hard to detect. AMDC specialists believe that advanced radars with good clutter suppression and classification functionalities are best suited for C-UAS systems. These radars – potentially complemented with small reconnaissance UAS – can provide a reliable detection of small UAS. The advanced radar of C-UAS systems used for area defence should be combined with laser, missiles or interceptor UAS to provide a reliable protection.